| | | | | - | - | | | |   
                     
| | - | | - | ' '   |     /

  -
  ? 
  ,  
  , ,
  , ,
    ......
   
 
  -.
 
  ...
  
    - 
 
   
  .   
  
  • -
  • BMI
  • (tumor markers): ?
       
     
    ,

    (tumor markers): ?

    ""

    :

    (tumor markers): ?
    ` - , , , -; , , -.

    1975 Phil Gold McGill CEA Carcino-embryonic antigen. , "" , -. , , , `, (relapse) , "" . , PSA prostate specific antigen , -50 -60 . , , , , .

    1. (CEA (carcino-embryonic antigen: , וּבּוֹ , (mucosal cells) , , -. CEA -2.5 " -, -5 " . CEA , , , , , (medulla) , , , , . CEA , , , , (), - , (). CEA 10 ", . CEA -, . CEA 4 -6 . CEA -3 II III .
    : , >
    , ,

    2. CA-27.29: -MUC1 , , , , , , . -38 " , , () , CA 27.29 100 " . -CA 27.29 , CA 15.3, .
    CA 27.29 -1/3 , ( I II), -2/3 III - IV . CA 27.29 . (recurrence) , II III, -CA 27.29 - . CA 27.29, , 5 , , .

    3. CA 19.9: (adhesion) -, , , , . CA 19.9 -37 ", 80 90%, 60 70%. CA 19.9 1,000 ", (predictive value) 97% , , (), () (). CA 19.9 1,000 " . -5% - Lewis ( -Lewis-Null blood type), CA 19.9, .

    4. AFP alpha-fetoprotein: וּבּ (fetus) , -5.4 ". (), (Non-seminomatous germ cell tumor), . , AFP -500 ". AFP, . AFP -80% -1,000 " -40% . - AFP . , AFP 500 " .

    5. β-hCG : hCG (). 5 β-hCG , , , -β-hCG , , . 30 .

    6. CA 125: וּבּ, -35 ". CA 125, , , וֹפּ, , , , , , . CA 125 -85% , -50% I . CA 125 , , , () , , , , (ascites), - (pleural and pericardial effusions). CA 125 , - . (predictive value) 20%, CA 125 .
    . - - , CA 125 65 ", 98% . CA 125 200 ", . -CA 125 , . CA 125 , , , . , .

    7. PSA prostatic specific antigen: . -4 " , (benign hyperplasia) . PAS 10 " . (פּוֹ), PSA 8 . PSA , 48 . - PSA. -6 Finasteride Proscar - , PSA , -50% PSA . Proscar 5 alpha reductase , PSA .

    PSA 4 " 20 30% -50% PSA 10 ". ---, -20 30% PSA . PSA ( ), PSA 4 -10 ". -10% PSA , -55%, -8% -25% . PSA - (screening) : , , - (incontinence). , PSA.

    PSA , PSA 40 . , PSA 50 . PSA וּ, , . PSA . PSA -20 ", ( -2% ) , (bone scanning). PSA -25 ", CT. PSA 100 ", (nodule), . , PSA -6 5 , . , PSA .
    , PSA, (relapse). 8 , 13 . , , , (morbidity).
    : , >
    , ,

    , `

    02/02/2004 18:24:00

     
       


    , , " , "
    , " " .

    / , , , / / . .
    / , , , / , / . .

    ,
    / " .




    | |
    | | | | | | |
    | | | |
    | | | |